Publications Catalog 1993 - Center for International Development and Environment


From the Ground Up--Case Study Series

Improved community management of vital natural resources is critical to Africa's economic and political viability. This new case-study series offers important examples of successful community self-help initiatives in several sub-Saharan African nations. The outgrowth of an ambitious program administered by WRI's Center for International Development and Environment in collaboration with several African development institutions, these studies are designed to inform policy- making, stimulate discussion on environment and development, and assist in training programs for development professionals.


Farmer Innovation in Natural Resource Management: Water Management in Msanzi, Tanzania

Edited by the Center for International Development and Environment

Msanzi village is located in the Rukwa Region in southwest Tanzania. Lacking traditional export crops or strong economic and social infrastructures, this is one of the least developed regions of the country. This case study chronicles how Msanzi villagers have successfully managed their water supply and irrigation system to maximize agricultural potential despite a variety of serious, long-term ecological problems. It discusses the implications of the Msanzi experience for the development of other small-scale irrigation projects and recommends strategies for assisting rural communities in the sustainable management of their natural resources.

February 1993
34 pages (est.), paperback
Order Code CEFIP, $9.95

Public Policy and Legislation in Environmental Management: Terracing in Nyarurembo, Uganda

Edited by the Center for International Development and Environment

Steep hillslopes in southwestern Uganda have been cultivated continuously for more than 50 years with no significant loss in productivity, thanks to site-specific soil conservation plans based on band, strip, and bench terracing. This case study reviews the experiences of local farming communities that have tend this land and identifies the key factors for their success. The authors discuss the implications for other hillside cultivators, African governments, and the international development assistance community, and they offer recommendations for national and district-level environmental management policies and legislation.

41 pages, large-format paperback
Order Code CEPPP, $9.95

Religious Beliefs and Environmental Protection: The Malshegu Sacred Grove in Northern Ghana

Edited by the Center for International Development and Environment

For nearly three centuries, a community in northern Ghana has preserved a small forest because it is believed to house a local spirit. Threatened over the years by such activities as road-building, mining, and installing electrification poles, this "sacred grove" has nevertheless been preserved as a result of the community's strong religious beliefs. In fact, this once-open forest has developed into a partially closed-canopy forest. One of the few contemporary case studies of the role of religious beliefs in environmental protection, this report offers specific policy recommendations in favor of decentralized government and local protection of ecosystems.

35 pages, paperback
ISBN 9966-41-031-7
Order Code CIRBP, $9.95

Combining Local Knowledge and Expert Assistance in Natural Resource Management: Small-scale Irrigation in Kenya

Edited by the Center for International Development and Environment

Searching for alternative means to boost agricultural production and cultivate marginal lands, the Kenya Government has reassessed its irrigation policies and begun supporting small-scale schemes. The question is how to enhance farmer-developed systems without creating a nonsustainable dependency on external assistance. This study documents how three communities near Mount Kenya worked with government and development assistance officers to produce an irrigation plan that they could manage cooperatively and maintain largely by themselves.

34 pages, paperback
Order Code CECLP, $9.95

Participatory Rural Appraisal Handbook

Center for International Development and Environment

A practical guide to resource management in rural African communities, the Handbook offers village leaders and extension agents proven methodologies for defining problems, ranking priorities, and implementing a village- based plan to manage the local natural resource base. The Handbook shows that popular participation, locally maintained technologies, and sustainable economic, political, and ecological growth systems are fundamental to successful development.

90 pages, paperback
ISBN 0-915825-50-3
Order Code CEPRP, $12.95

Water Works: Improving Irrigation Management in Mexican Agriculture

Ronald G. Cummings, Victor Brajer, James W. McFarland, Jose Trava, Mohamed T. El-Ashry, and Manuel Puebla

The authors explore various policy options that could alleviate Mexico's food crunch: farmland expansion, maintenance of existing irrigation systems, increased water conservation, agricultural research to develop high-yield, water-saving crops, and extension programs to bring current technology to the farm.

51 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-33-3
Order Code CUWWP, $12.95

Water and Arid Lands of the Western United States

Edited by Mohamed T. El-Ashry and Diana C. Gibbons

This book, based on a two-year study, includes six case studies of agricultural and metropolitan water use in California, Colorado, Texas, and Arizona. The authors identify policies that could help the West sustain economic growth without destroying or undervaluing its natural resources.

Published by Cambridge University Press. Booksellers and wholesalers should order directly from the publisher.

432 pages, hardcover
ISBN 0-521-35040-9
Order Code ELWA, $59.50

Cleaning Up: U.S. Waste Management Technology and Third World Development

John Elkington and Jonathan Shopley

In this insightful overview of the U.S. waste management industry and its technologies, Elkington and Shopley focus on the potential for U.S. firms to contribute positively to meeting the rapidly escalating waste and pollution challenges facing developing nations.

92 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-28-7
Order Code ELCUP, $12.95

The Shrinking Planet: U.S. Information Technology and Sustainable Development

John Elkington and Jonathan Shopley

The authors review examples of how computerization has improved standards of performance in the health, safety, and environmental fields and helped increase the efficiency of energy and resource use.

88 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-20-1
Order Code ELSPP, 12.95

Natural Endowments: Financing Resource Conservation for Development

International Conservation Financing Project Report

Commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme, this report examines ongoing conservation financing mechanisms, assesses the prospects for expanding their scope, and proposes four additional initiatives based on the results of intensive study and consultation in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas.

33 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-45-7
Order Code WRNEP, $12.95

(French and Spanish language editions also available)

Breathing Easier: Taking Action on Climate Change, Air Pollution, and Energy Insecurity

James J. MacKenzie

Three of the most serious long-term challenges the United States faces today are greenhouse warming, persistent air pollution, and our growing dependence on imported oil. Breathing Easier provides a concise analysis of how these problems are interrelated and recommends a comprehensive strategy of increased energy efficiency, air pollution control, and nonfossil fuel energy development.

24 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-35-X
Order Code MABEP, $9.95

Ill Winds: Airborne Pollution's Toll on Trees and Crops

James J. MacKenzie and Mohamed T. El-Ashry

This report summarizes forest and crop damage in the United States and Europe, examines the evidence connecting it to air pollution, and recommends that emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, and hydrocarbons be significantly reduced and that nonfossil energy sources be introduced.

84 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-29-5
Order Code MAIWP, $12.95

Solar Hydrogen: Moving Beyond Fossil Fuels

Joan M. Ogden and Robert H. Williams

Melding scientific and policy analyses, the authors trace the technological breakthroughs that have made solar hydrogen more than just a good idea. They also assess the new fuel's potential as a replacement for oil, compare its costs and uses with those of both traditional and synthetic fuels, and chart a path for developing markets for this economically and environmentally appealing energy source.

123 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-38-4
Order Code OGSHP, $12.95

Resources, Population, and the Philippines's Future: A Case Study

Gareth Porter and Delfin J. Ganapin, Jr.

The authors examine the relationship between resource use and population growth, recommend new policies to deal with these issues, and show how the Philippines's ability to solve difficult environmental and population problems affects U.S. interests.

78 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-34-1
Order Code PORPP, $12.95

Keeping Options Alive: The Scientific Basis for the Conservation of Biodiversity

Walter V. Reid and Kenton R. Miller

Keeping Options Alive examines fundamental questions about the value of - and threats to - the diversity of life and recommends policies based on the best available scientific information for conserving biodiversity.

128 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-41-4
Order Code REKOP, $12.95

The Forest for the Trees? Government Policies and the Misuse of Forest Resources

Robert Repetto

The authors show how governments, committed in principle to conservation and wise resource use, are aggravating the losses of their forests through misguided policies.

120 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-25-2
Order Code REFFP, $12.95

Public Policies and the Misuse of Forest Resources

Edited by Robert Repetto and Malcolm Gillis

This book examines the strong profit motives behind the misuse of forest lands, including generous government subsidies and policies that encourage the destruction of forest resources in both developed and developing countries.

Published by Cambridge University Press. Booksellers and wholesalers should order directly from the publisher.

448 pages, paperback
ISBN 0-521-33574-4
Order Code REPUP, $27.95

Wasting Assets: Natural Resources in the National Income Accounts

Robert Repetto and William B. Magrath

Using Indonesia's timber, petroleum, and soils as examples, this report tests and applies a new methodology for integrating natural resource depletion into a revised national accounting system that can more accurately reflect economic reality.

70 pages, large-format paperback
ISBN 0-915825-31-7
Order Code REWAP, $12.95