CIESIN Thematic Guides
POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
LIST OF REFERENCES
Active Negotiators of the trade work group; at the NGOs International Forum. 1992. Alternative Treaty on Trade and Sustainable Development. Rio de Janiero, Brazil: NGOs International Forum. Document available on electronic network information server, available by Gopher from rain.psg.com; INTERNET.
Anton, D. K., J. Kohout, and N. Pain. 1993. Nationalizing environmental protection in Australia: The international dimensions. Environmental Law 23: 763-83.
Barsh, R. L. 1991. The right to development as a human right: Results of the Global Consultation. Human Rights
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Benedick, R. 1991. Ozone diplomacy: New directions in safeguarding the planet. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bernstein, J., L. J. Goree VI "Kimo", D. Mcgraw, and C. Tinker, eds. 1993. A brief history of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Earth Negotiations Bulletin 9 (1): 1-2.
Brown, P. G. 1994. Restoring the public trust: A fresh vision for progressive government in America. Boston: Beacon Press.
Bullard, R. D. 1990. Dumping in Dixie: Race, class, and environmental quality. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Burger, J., ed. 1990. Gaia Atlas of Indigenous Peoples. London: Gaia Books.
Charnovitz, S. 1992. GATT and the environment: Examining the issues. International Environmental Affairs 4 (3): 203-33.
Climatic Impacts Centre. 1993. International Climate Policy Development and Implementation. In Climatic Impacts Centre Annual Report 1993. North Ryde, NSW, Australia: Macquarie University.
Cline, W. 1992. The economics of global warming. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Cline, W. R. 1992. Global warming: The economic stakes. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Comolet, A. 1990. How OECD countries respond to state-of-the-environment reports. International Environmental Affairs 4: 3-17.
Cough, P. 1993. Trade-Environment tensions: Options exist for reconciling trade and environment. EPA Journal 19 (2): 28-32.
Coughlin Jr., M. D. 1993. Using the Merck-INBio agreement to clarify the Convention on Biological Diversity. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 31 (2): 337-75.
de Miramon, J., and C. Stevens. 1992. Policy balance. The OECD Observer 176: 25-27.
Department of Public Information, The International Year for the World's Indigenous People. 1992. Who are the world's indigenous peoples? New York: United Nations. Posting to Internet mailing list NATIVE-L, available from email@example.com; INTERNET.
Farber, D. A., and P. A. Hemmersbaugh. 1993. The shadow of the future: Discount rates, later generations, and the environment. Vanderbilt Law Review 46: 267-304.
Foreign Affairs and International Trade. 1992. Executive summary of North American Free Trade Agreement Canadian Environmental Review. Document no. 268-Lb. Ottawa: Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Government of Canada).
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Secretariat. 1991. United States--Restrictions on imports of tuna: Report of the GATT panel. Geneva: General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Secretariat. 1992. Trade and the environment. Chapter 2 in International trade 1990-1991. Vol. 1. Geneva: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
Glantz, M. H. 1988. Politics and the air around us: International policy action on atmospheric pollution by trace gases. In Societal responses to regional climatic change: Forecasting by analogy, ed. M.H. Glantz, 41-72. Boulder: Westview Press.
Groombridge, B., ed. 1992. Intellectual property rights for biotechnology. In Global biodiversity: Status of the Earth's living resources, 495-99. London: Chapman and Hall.
Grubb, M. 1989. The greenhouse effect: Negotiating targets. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs.
Haas, P., M. Levy, and T. Parson. 1992. Appraising the Earth Summit: How should we judge UNCED's success? Environment 34 (8): 6-11, 26-33.
Haas, P. M. 1991. Policy responses to stratospheric ozone depletion. Global Environmental Change 1: 224-234.
Haigh, N. 1991. The European Community and international environmental policy. International Environmental Affairs 3 (3): 163-80.
Haigh, N., and K. von Moltke. 1990. The European Community: An environmental force. EPA Journal 16 (4): 58-60.
Halpern, S. 1993. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Process and documentation. Academic Council for the United Nations System (ACUNS) reports and papers, no. 2. Providence, RI: Academic Council for the United Nations System (ACUNS).
Hardison, P. "INDKNOW. Indigenous Knowledge Systems List." Available from firstname.lastname@example.org; INTERNET.
Heintze, H-J. 1993. The protection of indigenous peoples under the ILO
convention. In Amazonia and Siberia: Legal aspects of the preservation of
the environment and development in the last open spaces, ed. M. Bothe, T. Kurzidem, and C. Schmidt, 310-27. London: Graham and Trotman.
Indigenous/Native Peoples Mailing Lists [electronic document].
Ingram, H. M., H. J. Cortner, and M. K. Landy. 1990. The political agenda. In Climate change and U.S. water resources, ed. P.E. Waggoner, 421-43. New York: John Wiley.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 1991. Climate change: The IPCC response strategies. Covelo, CA: Island Press.
International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI). 1993. ICLEI local Agenda 21 initiative: ICLEI guidelines for national and local Agenda 21 campaigns. Version 1.0. January Toronto: International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives.
International Labour Organisation. 1991. Convention No. 169 concerning indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries. In International labour conventions and recommendations 1919-1991, 1436-47. Volume 2 (1963-1991). Geneva: International Labour Office.
Jamieson, D. 1992. Ethics, public policy, and global warming. Science, Technology, and Human Values 17: 139-53.
Jasonoff, S. 1993. India at the crossroads in global environmental policy. Global Environmental Change 3 (1): 32-52.
Kelly, M. E. 1993. NAFTA's Environmental Side Agreement: A review and analysis. Austin, Texas: Texas Center for Policy Studies.
Lavelle, M., and M. Coyle. 1992. A special investigation; unequal protection; the racial divide in environmental law. National Law Journal (21 September): S1-16.
Levy, M. A., P. M. Haas, and R. O. Keohane. 1992. Institutions for the earth: Promoting international environmental protection. Environment 34 (4): 12-17, 29-36.
Mann, D. 1983. Research on political institutions and their response to the problem of an increase in CO2 in the atmosphere. In Social Science Research and Climate Change, ed. R. S. Chen, E. Boulding, and S. H. Schneider, 116-45. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: D. Reidel.
McColm, B. R., ed. 1993. Freedom in the world: The annual survey of political rights and civil liberties, 1992-1993. New York, NY: Freedom House.
McNeely, J. A. 1993. The Biodiversity Convention since UNCED. In Econet Biodiversity conference [database on-line]. Gland, Switzerland: International Union for the Conservation of Nature [cited July 9, 1993]. Available from Institute for Global Communications, San Francisco, CA.
Morrisette, P. M. 1989. The evolution of policy responses to stratospheric ozone depletion. Natural Resources Journal 29: 793-820.
Morrisette, P. M., J. Darmstadter, A. J. Plantinga, and M. A. Toman. 1991. Prospects for a global greenhouse gas accord: Lessons from other agreements. Global Environmental Change 1: 209-223.
Multilateral Treaties Collection from the Fletcher School of International Diplomacy, Tufts University [Gopher server on-line] (Ithaca NY: Cornell University); available from gopher.law.cornell.edu; INTERNET.
Nordhaus, W. D. 1991. Economic approaches to greenhouse warming. In Global warming: Economic policy approaches, ed. R. D. Dornbush and J. M. Poterba, 33-68. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation. 1993. Document no. 280-Lb. Ottawa: Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Government of Canada).
North American Free Trade Agreement. 1992. Message from the President of the United States transmitting North American Free Trade Agreement, texts of agreement, implementing bill, statement of administrative action and required supporting statements. 103d Congress, 1st sess., 4 November, H. Doc. 103-60.
Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 1972. Recommendation of the council on guiding principles concerning international economic aspects of environmental policies. May. Council Document no. C(72)128. Paris: Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development.
Ozone Secretariat. 1991. Handbook for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the ozone Layer. Nairobi, Kenya: Ozone Secretariat.
Parson, E. A., P. M. Haas, and M. A. Levy. 1992. A summary of major documents signed at the earth summit and the global forum. Environment 34 (4): 12-15, 34-36.
Perlack, R. D., M. Russell, and Z. Shen. 1993. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in China: Institutional, legal, and cultural constraints and opportunities. Global Environmental Change 3 (1): 78-100.
Pernetta, J. C. 1992. Impacts of climate change and sea-level rise on small-island states. Global Environmental Change 2 (1): 19-31.
Petrich, C. H. 1993. Indonesia and global climate change negotiations: Potential opportunities and constraints for participation, leadership, and commitment. Global Environmental Change 3 (1): 53-77.
Rayner, S. 1993. Prospects for CO2 emissions reduction policy in the USA. Global Environmental Change 3 (1): 12-31.
Reinstein, R. A. 1993. Climate negotiations. Washington Quarterly 16 (1): 79-95.
Rieger, H. C. 1991. Jakarta Resolution on Sustainable Development. 30 October 1987. In ASEAN economic co-operation: A handbook, 193. Singapore: ASEAN Economic Research Unit, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Roberts, P. 1992. International funding for the conservation of biological diversity: Convention on Biological Diversity. Boston University International Law Journal 10 (2): 303-49.
Rothenberg, J. 1993. Economic perspectives on time comparisons: An evaluation of time discounting. Chapter 11 in Global Accord, ed. N. Choucri. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.
Rowlands, I. H. 1993. The fourth meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol: Report and reflection. Environment 35 (6): 25-34.
Roy, B. K., and D. K. Miller. 1985. The rights of indigenous peoples in international law: An annotated bibliography. Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan Native Law Centre.
Schneider, S. H. 1989. The greenhouse effect: Science and policy. Science 243: 771-81.
Schoenbaum, T. 1992. Free international trade and protection of the environment: Irreconcilable conflict? American Journal of International Law 86 (4): 701-27.
Scovazzi, T., and T. Treves. 1992. World treaties for the protection of the environment. Milan: Istituto Per L'Ambiente.
Shrybman, S. 1990. International trade: In search of an environmental conscience. EPA Journal 16 (4): 17-19.
Shea, C. P. 1993. European environmental policy: Effects of the single market. International Environment Reporter 16 (1): 30-34.
Siebert, H. 1980. Trade and environment: A theoretical enquiry. Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing.
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Starr, J., and K. C. Hardy. 1993. Not by seeds alone: The Biodiversity Treaty and the role for native agriculture. Stanford Environmental Law Journal 12: 85-123.
Stern, P. C., O. R. Young, and D. Druckman, eds. 1992. Global environmental change: Understanding the human dimensions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Stevens, C. 1993. Harmonization, trade and the environment. International Environmental Affairs 5 (1): 42-49.
Tolba, M., O. A. El-Kholy, E. El-Hinnawi, M. E. Holdgate, D. F. McMichael and R. E. Munn, eds. 1992. The world environment 1972-1992: Two decades of challenge, 766-67, 779. London: Chapman and Hall.
Treaty on European Union. Maastricht Treaty. 7 February 1992. Oxford, UK: David Pollard Publishing.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Budget Office. 1993. A budgetary and economic analysis of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
U.S. General Accounting Office. 1992. North American Free Trade Agreement: U.S.-Mexican trade and investment data. General Government Division, #GA 1.13: GGD-92-131. Gaithersburg, MD: General Accounting Office.
U.S. House of Representatives. 1993. Judiciary Committee. Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. Testimony of Waste Management, Inc. 103d Congress, 1st session. 3 March.
U.S. National Academy of Sciences. 1991. Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
U.S. Office of Technology Assessment. 1991. Changing by degrees: Steps to reduce greenhouse gases. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
U.S. Office of Technology Assessment. 1992. Trade and the environment: Conflicts and opportunities. Report no. OTA-BP-ITE-94. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
U.S. Office of Technology Assessment. 1993. Preparing for an uncertain climate. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. 1992. Survey of Existing Agreements and Instruments and Its Follow-Up: Report of the Secretary-General of the Conference. UN Document no. A/CONF.151/PC/103. New York: United Nations Publications Office.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Secretariat. 1994. Trade and environment and UNCED follow-up activities in UNCTAD: Note prepared by the UNCTAD Secretariat for the Second Meeting of the Commission on Sustainable Development. Posted to Econet on-line conference csd. general, available from firstname.lastname@example.org; INTERNET.
United Nations Environment Programme. 1991. Register of international treaties and other agreements in the field of the environment. UNEP document number UNEP/GC.16/Inf.4. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.
United Nations Environment Programme. 1991. ASEAN agreement on the conservation of nature and natural resources. Summary in Register of international treaties and other agreements in the field of the environment. UNEP document number UNEP/GC.16/Inf.4 Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.
United Nations Environment Programme. Convention on Biological Diversity. June 1992. UNEP Document no. Na.92-78. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Interim Secretariat. 1994. Ratification Status 9 May 1994 (press release). Posting to Econet on-line conference inc.climate, available from email@example.com; INTERNET.
United Nations Information and Public Affairs Branch. 1993. A new treaty for a new era (press release). Posting to Econet on-line conference Biodiversity, available from firstname.lastname@example.org; INTERNET.
United Nations. 1992. Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer. In Montreal Protocol Handbook. Paris: UNEP Industry and Environment Programme Activity Centre.
United Nations. 1992. Non-legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global consensus on the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests. Statement of Forest Principles. U.N. Document no. A/CONF.151/26. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Annex III. New York: United Nations Publications Office.
United Nations. 1992. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. June. U.N. Document no. A/CONF.151/26. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Annex I. New York: United Nations Publications Office.
United Nations. 1992. Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer. In Montreal Protocol Handbook. Paris: UNEP Industry and Environment Programme Activity Centre.
United Nations. Agenda 21. June 1992. U.N. Document no. A/CONF.151/26. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment And Development, Annex II. New York: United Nations Publications Office.
United Nations. Framework Convention on Climate Change. 15 May 1992. U.N. Document no. A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/Add.1. New York: United Nations Publications Office.
United Nations. Treaty Series. 1947. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. United Nations Treaty Series, vol. 55: 187-305.
Victor, D. G. 1993. Implementation and effectiveness of international environmental commitments. A project conducted by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Project summary and open letter. Laxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
von Moltke, K. 1993. Dispute resolution and transparency. In The greening of world trade, 112-35. Environmental Protection Agency report 100-R-93-002. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
Weiss, E. B. 1989. In fairness to future generations. New York: United Nations University.
Weiss, E. B. 1992. Environment and trade as partners in sustainable development: A commentary. American Journal of International Law 86 (4): 728-35.
Wexler, P., ed. 1992. Cool tools. College Park, MD: Center for Global Change at University of Maryland College Park.
Whalley, J. 1991. The interface between environmental and trade policies. Economic Journal 101 (405): 180-89.
Wilkinson, D. 1990. Greening the treaty: Strengthening environmental policy in the Treaty of Rome. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.
Wynne, B. 1993. Implementation of greenhouse gas reductions in the European Community: Institutional and cultural factors. Global Environmental Change 3 (1): 101-28.
Other References of Interest
TRADE POLICY AND GLOBAL EVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
Bhagwati, J., and H. E. Daly. 1993. Debate: Does free trade harm the environment? Scientific American 269 (5): 41-57.
Canadian Environmental Law Association. 1992. NAFTA facts: A series of information sheets about the effects of NAFTA. Toronto: Canadian Environmental Law Association.
Charnovitz, S. 1993. NAFTA: An analysis of its environmental provisions. Environmental Law Reporter 23: 10067-73.
Charnovitz, S. 1993. A taxonomy of environmental trade measures. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 6 (1): 1-46.
Charnovitz, S. 1994. The World Trade Organization and environmental supervision. International Environment Reporter 17 (2): 89-93.
Charnovitz, S. 1994. NAFTA's environmental significance. Environment 36 (2): 42-45.
Dean, J. M. 1992. Trade and the environment: A survey of the literature. Background paper, World Development Report 1992. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Goldman, P. A. 1992. Resolving the trade and environment debate: In search of a neutral forum and neutral principles. Washington and Lee Law Review 49 (4): 1279-98.
Grossman, G. M., and A. B. Krueger. 1992. Environmental impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement . Discussion Paper in Economics no. 158. Revised version. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Woodrow Wilson School.
Hallow, Ralph. 1992. How green is the treaty? The environmental provisions of the treaty on European Union (Maastricht). Brussels: European Environmental Bureau.
Hudson, S. 1992. Trade, environment and the pursuit of sustainable development. In International Trade and the Environment, ed. P. Low. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Jackson, J. 1992. World trade rules and environmental policies: Congruence or conflict? Washington and Lee Law Review 49 (4): 1227-78.
Kirgis Jr., F. L. 1992. Environment and trade measures after the tuna/dolphin decision. Washington and Lee Law Review 49 (4): 1221-26.
Lallas, P. 1993. NAFTA and evolving approaches to identify and address "indirect" environmental impacts to international trade. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 5 (3): 519-64.
Lallas, P. L., D. C. Esty, and D. J. van Hoogstraten. 1992. Environmental protection and international trade: Toward mutually supportive rules and policies. Harvard Environmental Law Review 16 (2): 271-342.
Low, Patrick, ed. 1992. International trade and the environment. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Low, Patrick. 1993. Trading free: The GATT and U.S. trade policy . New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press.
Magraw, D. NAFTA's repercussions: Is green trade possible? Environment 36 (2): 14-20, 39-45.
McAlpine, J. C., and P. LeDonne, eds. The greening of world trade. Environmental Protection Agency report no. 100-R-93-002. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
Morrison, A. B. 1992. Appointments clause problems in the dispute resolution provisions of the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement. Washington and Lee Law Review 49 (4): 1299-1308.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 1993. Summary report of the workshop on Environmental Policies and Industrial Competitiveness, 28-29 January 1993. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Robertson, D. 1992. Trade and the environment: Harmonization and technical standards. In International Trade and the Environment, ed. P. Low. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Shea, C. P. 1993. European environmental policy: Effects of the single market. International Environmental Reporter 16 (1): 30-34.
U.S. General Accounting Office. International environment: International agreements are not well monitored. #GAO/RCED-92-43-. Gaithersburg, MD: U.S. General Accounting Office.
INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
Bodansky, D. 1993. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: A commentary. Yale Journal of International Law 18 (2): 453-558.
Bowman, M. J., and D. J. Harris. 1984. Multilateral treaties: Index and current status. Compiled and annotated within the University of Nottingham Treaty Centre. Kept up-to-date by cumulative supplements. London: Butterworths.
Favre, D. S. 1989. International trade in endangered species: A guide to CITES. Amsterdam: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Haas, P. M., R. O. Keohane, and M. A. Levy, eds. 1993. Institutions for the Earth: Sources of effective international environmental protection. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hohman, H. 1992. Basic documents of international environmental law. London: Graham and Trotman.
Hoog, G., and A. Steinmetz, eds. 1993. International conventions on protection of humanity and environment. Berlin: W. de Gruyter.
Grad, F., ed. n.d. International Environmental Law on CD-ROM. Norwalk, CT: Opal Publishing. Forthcoming.
International legal materials: Current documents. 1962 - .Washington, D.C.: American Society of International Law.
Kadidal, S. 1993. Plants, poverty and pharmaceutical patents. Yale Law Journal 103: 223-58.
Keller, J. J., and J. Snyder, eds. Who is who at the Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro 1992: A cross-indexed directory of registered participants at the Earth Summit. Waynesville, NC: Visionlink Education Foundation and Tucson, AZ: Terra Christa Communications.
Keohane, R. O., P. M. Haas, and M. A. Levy. 1993. The effectiveness of international environmental institutions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lyster, S. 1985. International wildlife law: An analysis of international treaties concerned with conservation of wildlife. Cambridge, UK: Grotius Publishers.
Morguilies, R. L. 1993. Protecting biodiversity: Recognizing international intellectual property rights in plant genetic resources. Michigan Journal of International Law 14 (2): 322-56.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 1985. Environment: Resource for the future. Selected statements and documents from the OECD Environment Committee's meeting at ministerial level. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Panjabi, R. K. L. 1992. Can international law improve the climate?: An analysis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change signed at the Rio Summit in 1992. North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation 18 (3): 491-549.
Robinson, N. A., P. Hassan, and F. Burhenne-Guilmin, eds. 1992. Agenda 21 and the UNCED proceedings. 6 vols. In International protection of the environment. 3rd series. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications.
Ruster, B., and B. Simma, eds. 1990. International protection of the environment: Treaties and related documents. 2nd series. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications.
Ruster, B., and B. Simma, eds. 1975 - . International protection of the environment: Treaties and related documents. 1st series. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications.
Sand, P. H. 1992. The effectiveness of international environmental agreements: A survey of existing legal instruments. Cambridge, U.K.: Grotius Publishers.
Sterne Jr., J. H., E.P. Barrett-Brown, and S. Hajost. 1993. A forum for action on global warming: The U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 4 (1): 103-18.
Weiss, E. B., D. Magraw, and P. Szasz. 1992. International environmental law: Basic instruments and references. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Transnational Publishers.
Wirth, D., and D. Lashof. 1992. Beyond Vienna and Montreal: A global framework convention on greenhouse gases. Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems 2 (1): 79-111.
Yaffee, S. L. 1982 Prohibitive policy: Implementing the Federal Endangered Species Act. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
RIGHTS AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
Plater, Z. J. B., R. H. Abrams, and W. Goldfarb. 1992. Environmental law and policy: A coursebook on nature, law and society, 61. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.
United Nations. 1990. Global Consultation on the Right to Development as a Human Right. U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1990/9/Rev. 1. New York: United Nations.