This volume is one in a series of reports on the state of the economy and the budget that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issues periodically. It satisfies the requirements of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to submit an annual report to the Committees on the Budget with respect to fiscal policy and to provide five-year baseline projections of the federal budget. It also satisfies the requirement of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 to provide a sequestration preview report regarding the status of the discretionary spending limits, pay-as-you-go requirements, and maximum deficit amounts. In accordance with CBO's mandate to provide objective and impartial analysis, the report contains no recommendations.
The Bureau of the Census conducts the annual survey of manufactures (ASM) in each of the four years between the Census of Manufactures. The ASM is a probability-based sample of approximately 56,000 establishments and collects the same industry statistics as the census of manufactures. In addition, the ASM sample are requested to supply information on assets, capital expenditures, retirements, depreciation, rental payments, supplemental labor costs, cost of purchased services, and foreign content of materials consumed. Except for supplemental labor costs, the extra ASM items are collected only in census years.
The Statistical Abstract of the United States published since 1878, is the standard summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. It is designed to serve as a convenient volume for statistical reference and as a guide to other statistical publications and sources. The latter function is served by the introductory text to each section, the source note appearing below each table. Additional source information may be found in Appendix I of the printed document, which comprises the Guide to Sources of Statistics, the Guide to State Statistical Abstracts and the Guide to Foreign Statistical Abstracts.
This volume includes a selection of data from many statistical publications, both government and private. It primarily includes construction industry statistics so that the Bureau of the Census can evaluate the NESEDB as a vehicle for its complete Abstract using the BROWSE software. Publications cited as sources usually contain additional statistical detail and more comprehensive discussions of definitions and concepts than can be presented here. Data not available in publications issued by the contributing agency but obtained from unpublished records are identified in the source notes as "unpublished data". More information on the subjects covered in the tables so noted may be obtained from the source.
Information from the 1909 census is derived either from questions asked of the entire population or from questions asked of only a sample of the population. Those questions asked about every person and housing unit are called 100-percent or short-form questions. The others are called sample or long-form questions. Those households receiving the short-form questionnaire were asked only the 100-percent questions, and those receiving the long-form questionnaire were asked both the sample questions and the 100-percent questions.
The historical tables are designed to provide budget users with a wide range of data on Federal Government finances. In many cases, the data cover all years from 1940 to the presidential policy estimates through 1997.
The Business Statistics program contains data for over 1900 series that are published monthly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis in the S (or "blue") pages of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS. The data, collected by numerous private sector and federal government sources, provide an overall view of the business environment within the United States.
If past timing relationships hold true, the behavior of the various cyclical indicators can provide valuable information about the current and future state of the economy. A key analytical feature of the business cycle indicators system is the trio of composite indexes--leading, coincident, and lagging--that summarize the activity of each group. Each composite index is compiled from a balanced selection of the best cyclical indicators of its timing category. Combining the indicators into an index tends to cancel out some of the erratic movements of the individual series while reinforcing their common cyclical behavior. The economic time series in this data file are those shown in the "Business Cycle Indicators" section of the SURVEY. They cover a wide range of economic processes, such as employment, income, production, investment, sales, orders, inventories, profits, money supply, credit, interest rates, prices, productivity, international transactions, and international comparisons. In addition to the series classified as cyclical indicators, they include other series that are important for analyzing current and future business conditions.
Annual estimates of capital expenditures and operating costs for pollution abatement and control (PAC) are prepared within the framework of the national economic accounts. These PAC estimates are in current and constant dollars, with selected fixed-weighted price indices. The data are classified by column according to type of PAC (e.g., spending for air PAC, water PAC.) and by row according to expenditure category (e.g., sector of the economy--consumers, business, and government). The preparation of the PAC estimates by the Bureau of Economic Analysis began in the 1970's. The most recent estimates, for the 1988 data year, were published in the November 1990 Survey of Current Business.
Gross state product is the market value of the goods and services produced by labor and property located in a state. It is the state counterpart of the nation's gross domestic product.
The gross state product estimates for 1977-89 update and extend the estimates that were published in the May 1988 issue of the Survey of Current Business, the monthly journal of the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The newly released estimates for 1977-89 reflect new source data and methodology. Moreover, these estimates are consistent with the revised estimates of gross product by industry for the nation that were published in the January 1991 and April 1991 issues of the Survey of Current Business.
This data is from the 1986 annual input-output (I-O) accounts as published in "Input-Output Accounts of the U.S. Economy, 1986", SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 71 (February 1991). I-O data are presented in five tables. They are the use of commodities by industries and the make of commodities by industries as published in the SURVEY, and the commodity-by-industry direct requirements derived from the use table. The commodity-by-commodity total requirements, and industry-by-commodity total requirements tables are also available.
The national income and product accounts (NIPA's) show the production and distribution of goods and services in the United States. The detailed tables that comprise the NIPA's can be viewed as components and elaborations of five principal accounts: (1) national income and product, (2) personal income and outlays, (3) government transactions, (4) foreign transactions, and (5) saving and investment. In addition, tables provide quantity and price measures, price expressed as indexes and percent changes in indexes. Implicit price deflators (the ratios of estimates in current dollars to the corresponding estimates in base-year dollars) are also shown for the major aggregates. Official quarterly estimates of the NIPA's begin in 1946, annual estimates in 1929. However, the latest comprehensive revision is currently available only back to 1959.
This database presents projections to the year 2040 of economic activity and population for the Nation and the States. Projections are presented for (1) population in three age groups, (2) personal income, classified by major income component, and (3) employment and earnings - each of which is presented for 57 industrial groups. Projections are shown for 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2020, and 2040; historical data are shown for 1973, 1979, 1983, and 1988.
Annual estimates of gross and net stock in current-cost and constant-cost valuations for fixed private capital by industry, fixed nonresidential private capital by legal form, residential capital by tenure, government-owned fixed capital by government, and durable goods owned by consumers by type of goods.
Estimates published annually in the August Survey of Current Business, methodology in FIXED REPRODUCIBLE TANGIBLE WEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES, 1925-85 (GPO, 1987). Estimates for fixed private capital are for 2-digit SIC industries (establishment basis, 1987 SIC) for the years starting in 1947. All other estimates are for years starting in 1929.
This Bulletin marks the 61st annual capital punishment report issued by the Federal Government. Begun in 1930, this statistical series has provided detailed information on the characteristics of those receiving a death sentence as well as those persons executed.
With this report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics celebrates the publication of its 100th Bulletin. This Bulletin describes the prevalence of crime among our Nation's households.
National Crime Victimization Survey data collection and processing activities are conducted by the Bureau of the Census.
This Special Report makes clear the effect of illegal drugs on the lives of persons accused or convicted of committing crimes. Its descriptions and conclusions come primarily from analysis of responses to the Survey of Inmates of Local Jails.
This report, from the National Judicial Reporting Program of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), presents results of the second nationally representative survey of felony sentencing in State courts. Drawing upon data collected from 300 counties for 1988, it addresses such questions as: How many persons in the United States were convicted of a felony in the year? What sentences did felons convicted of a violent crime receive? What was the likelihood of a prison sentence for a person convicted of a felony? How many persons did juries convict of a felony?
The 1984 Victims of Crime Act established a Crime Victims Fund with monies obtained from Federal offenders in the form of fines, financial penalties, forfeited bail bonds, and literary profits.
Violent crimes, particularly rape and violence against intimates, are vitally important to understand and to prevent. The debilitating effects of these crimes, most of which are against women, are dramatic and long-lasting for the victim and for society. Yet the very nature of these crimes and the consequences of them mean that victims are often unwilling or even unable to report them to the police or to a National Crime Survey (NCS) interviewer.
This Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin presents findings from the Annual Survey of Jails, conducted on June 29, 1990. The survey provides estimates of the country's jail inmate population in the years between nationwide jail censuses. This is the seventh survey in the series and the second following the 1988 Census of Local Jails.
This Bulletin presents counts of the Nation's prisoners at the end of 1990. The 1990 increase of nearly 59,000 prisoners equals a demand for approximately 1,100 new prison beds per week nationwide. Prisons were estimated to be operating from 18% to 29% above their capacities at year end.
This report provides the first results from the 1989 Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) survey of inmates in local jails. It describes the population of almost 400,000 persons held in more than 3,000 jails nationwide.
This survey, conducted every 5 to 6 years since 1972, provides nationally representative data on persons held prior to trial and on those convicted offenders serving sentences in local jails or awaiting transfer to State prison.
For more than a decade, this reporting series has documented the large population of offenders who serve all or part of their sentences under supervision in the community.
This database includes monthly normals for cooperative stations: Cooperative station data are selected for the cooperative stations which were active at the end of 1990. These stations have monthly data for the period 1961-90. The monthly data consist of maximum and minimum temperatures and precipitation.
Data utilized in this report are available from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data at the University of Michigan, 1-800-999-0950. The data set is archived as the NCVS School Crime Supplement (ICPSR 9394).
Across the Nation the number of women in prison has grown at a faster rate than that of men. In a year-to-year comparison, the percentage of women is now the highest it has ever been, beginning with the first annual collection of prison statistics in 1926.
This report describes the characteristics of women in State prisons in 1986. It provides a detailed profile of their criminal histories, prior use of drugs, self-reported backgrounds of physical and sexual abuse, and the custodial situations of their young children.
A major input into the production of goods and services is capital; equipment and structures. Capital assets provide productive services over a long period of time. Thus, capital used in production is usually a combination of assets purchased in the current period and assets purchased in previous years. The capital stock is the total of all capital assets and capital stocks may be used to analyze trends in capital expenditures by industry and to compare industries for their relative capital intensiveness.
This 1991 edition of the Digest of Education Statistics is the 27th in a series initiated in 1962. (The Digest has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86.) Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from kindergarten through graduate school. The publication contains information on a variety of subjects in the field of education statistics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, Federal funds for education, employment and income of graduates, libraries, and international education.
The Annual Energy Review presents long-term historical energy data. U.S. energy consumption, production, trade, and prices are included. Also covered are consumption indicators, energy resources, petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international energy.
The Council of Economic Advisers provides the President with the best possible economic advice, to develop and recommend economic policies to the President, and to appraise programs and activities of the Federal Government as they pertain to the health of the Nation's economy.
The Economic Report of the President is the principal medium through which the Council informs the public of its work and its views. It is an important vehicle for presenting the Administration's domestic and international economic policies.
Presenting timely data on the New England economy in an updated format, the monthly release of Indicators has been used in research forums throughout the United States. Data on the attached worksheets cover important economic indicators for each New England state and the entire region.
The data presented in the attached tables are obtained from numerous public and private sources including the U.S. Department of Commerce (Bureau of the Census and Bureau of Economic Analysis) and the U.S. Department of Labor. Please refer to specific tables for exact source information.
Health, United States, 1990 is the 15th annual report on the health status of the Nation submitted by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress of the United States. This report was compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control. There are 134 detailed tables in this year's report, organized around four major subject areas -- health status and determinants, utilization of health resources, health care resources, and health care expenditures.
Based on economic data available in late summer and early fall of 1991, the Industrial Outlook provides industry-by-industry reviews of the U.S. economy, with analyses, forecasts, and profiles of international competitiveness for the manufacturing and services industries it covers.
This year's Outlook covers computers, motor vehicles, electronic information services, and financial services in more detail, as compared to earlier editions. Chapters review issues of international competitiveness, such as trade and related policies, licensing and trade agreements, exchange rates, consumption patterns in other countries, joint research or other marketing ventures, offshore production, and trade barriers. In addition, the value and share of exports and imports for many of the American manufacturing industries reported in the Outlook, along with their 1990 trade activities with major trading partners, are highlighted in easy-to-use trade patterns tables.
Airline and Airport On-Time and Departure Data covers nonstop scheduled-service flights between points within the United States (including territories). In general, carriers with one percent or more of total domestic scheduled service passenger revenues are required to report data for their flights involving any airport in the 48 contiguous states accounting for one percent or more of domestic scheduled service passenger enplanements.
This information is based on data collected by the Federal Reserve Board of New York from a sample of market participants and is intended only for informational purposes. The data were obtained from sources believed to be reliable but this bank does not guarantee their accuracy, completeness or correctness.
This year's National Report is the third annual analysis of the releases of some 320 chemicals and compounds to air, water, and land from selected manufacturing facilities. The Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) is a unique resource. It was envisioned from the outset to make data publicly available so that knowledge could be a catalyst for pollution prevention activities at the community, state, and federal levels. Later chapters of this Report describe in more detail a variety of the activities that TRI has stimulated to prevent pollution.